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James Negus

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The information below is unpublished work and has been compiled for the free use of the philatelic community and there are no copyright restrictions attached to it. Visitors to this web-site are invited to produce print-outs. Likewise, permission is hereby given for any of the contents to be published, providing the source is acknowledged and any introductory, dated note of mine in italics placed at the head of some articles is also included.

Having retired completely from philatelic activity, I have disposed of all the stamps, reference books and papers used during the writing. In these circumstances I am not soliciting correspondence and will not be replying to enquiries about anything in this compilation. James Negus, July 2003.

The above copyright waiver only applies to pages on this web-site that bear this waiver at the head of the page. All other pages are fully protected by international copyright law and may not be reproduced in any form without the permission of the copyright holder, Glenn H Morgan FRPSL.

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A. Kinds of Souvenir  
Each of the following lines comprises "Kind" (of souvenir) followed by "Example" and finally "Abbreviated" (where appropriate)
Aerogramme      1976-101B-06    
Booklet 1976-153-01     
Cachet  1976-273-10     
Commemorative overprint 1982-046-01 
Commem. opt. Cover   1982-046-02     
Envelope 1998-114-08     
Facsimile 1890-137-10     
Filler  1982-009-03     
Filler card  1981-255-03     
Folder  1936-161-02     
Forgery 1890-137-11     
Impressed die   1910-118-06     
Information card  1933-150-05   Inf. card
Information sheet  1937-160-03  Inf. sheet
Letter-card     1974-059-01     
Letter-sheet    1977-155-09     
Meter   1995-097B-01    
Perfin  1976-127A-01    
Perfin booklet  1975-127A-01    
Pigeongram  1934-128-21     
Postally Valid souvenir sheet   1973-091-01 PVS sheet
Postcard  1976-113-02     
Postmark 1976-113-03     
Postmark filler 1983-121B-02    Pmk filler
Postmark information 1947-253-05     Pmk inf.
Postmark postcard  1976-101A-01    Pmk postcard
Postmark proof  1890-137-07     
Presentation card 1976-208-02     Pres. card
Presentation pack 1981-137-01     Pres. pack
Presentation postcard  1890-137-03     Pres. postcard
Presentation sheet  1980-275B-04    Pres. sheet
Private envelope   1890-184-12     
Private label   1912-288-12     
Private overprint  1911-159-15     Private opt
Private postcard  1890-137-09     
Proof   1906-144-02     
Proof postcard  1890-137-04     
Publicity label 1982-054-01  Pub. label
Sample  1957-076-03     
Sheet   1897-204-02     
Slogan  1973-133A-01    
Souvenir card   1973-133B-01  Souv. card
Souvenir folder 1974-056-04   Souv. folder
Souvenir label  1974-139B-01  Souv. label
Souvenir sheet  1974-123-02   Souv. sheet
Specimen 1984-066A-04    
Telegraphic card 1890-137-01     
Trial 1981-102C-02    
Wrapper 1890-140-03     

If searching the “Kind” column in the database with the FIND facility, note that there are no fullpoints on the abbreviations “opt” and “pmk”.

B. The Catalogue Database  
The catalogue database has 4238 records. It is for souvenir material produced for British philatelic exhibitions, but also philatelic events that did not include a formal stamp exhibition as such.

(A separate listing covers postal events, such as mailcoach runs, the opening of philatelic counters and the provision of permanent postmarks for tourists’ souvenir mail. This is not on database, but presented in “British Souvenir Mail” section 6 as a checklist only.)

The catalogue database has the following fields:
        Sort – Item – Event – Kind – Description – Held – Notes

SORT. Each exhibition or event is defined by the date on which it began. This is quoted as the year (in full) plus its day number, i.e. counting 1 January as 001 through to 31 December as 366 (to cater for leap-years). Example: 1944-033 = 2 February 1944.
         For separate events on the same day, A, B, C ... is added.
         Example for 21 May 1966:
                1966-142A       Kent Federation Convention, Sittingbourne.
                1966-142B       20th Convention Yorkshire Phc. Assn., Rotherham.
                1966-142C       Polphilex 66, London SW7.
Some events are known to have taken place, though exactly when remains undetermined. This can also arise if no particular “first day was set. In such cases the day number is shown as 000, if possible with a note of when the item was first seen. The “000” day number can be followed by A, B, C ... if necessary, for example:
                1998-000A       Rushstamps 40th Anniversary
                1998-000B       Concorde Study Circle 20th Anniversary.

ITEM. Each item produced for an event is serially numbered 01, 02, 03 ..., giving
for example:
                01      Souvenir label
                02      Cover
                03      Postmark.
So that, for example, a full catalogue number for the special postmark of the Polphilex 66 exhibition above is: 1966-142C-03.

EVENT. The (normal) date is given plus the name and place of the event.

KIND. The many types of souvenir extant are as listed above. The words are mostly spelled in full for clarity, but where abbreviated this is as shown. Note that a plain cover (usually self-addressed) is not catalogued as such, since they must exist for virtually every event. This explains why some special postmarks or cachets are listed, yet there is no cover to accompany them. The small gummed vignettes produced at Polish exhibitions, intended to be affixed to plain covers to make commemorative items, have been classified as souvenir sheets.

The various souvenirs for a given event are grouped for listing and mostly entered in this order:
               Souvenir sheets and souvenir cards
               Postage stamps and booklets
               Covers, postcards and postal stationery
               Postmarks and cachets
               Forgeries and facsimiles.
Within the groupings related items are kept together, for example, a souvenir sheet is listed with its specimens, folders, presentation editions, private overprints, and so on.

DESCRIPTION. A brief indication is given of what the item comprises or what it depicts. Maximum information about special postmarks is included because of their particular importance in souvenir collecting. By kind permission of the British Postmark Society and of Colin Peachey, data and catalogue numbers from their comprehensive standard works have been copied into the database in this form:
Special postmark used on one day only: Sp.pmk 547.
Postmark used on several days: 9-12 Mar sp.pmk 503. If the design was different for
each day (apart from the date), this is indicated under “Notes”.
           If there was a new issue of stamps while the postmark was current:
           16-20 Sep [NI:19] pmk 758.
           A new issue in booklet form, [NI:19] is shown as [bklt NI:19].
           Slogan postmarks include the period of use: Slogan pmk 2202, 7-12 May.

HELD. The database served also as my inventory. Though the collection has now been sold, I retain the record in the database: it confirms in each case whether or not a listed item had actually been seen by me.

NOTES. Where the item was listed from a literature source only, the reference is given. (The sources are cited in full in the bibliography in section 4.) The many references to Roger Hudson’s monthly sales list of G.B. postal history are shown as, for example, “Hudson Mar 91/Z137”, meaning item Z137 in his March 1991 list. For the long run of Stampex publicity labels, I include my type classification, for example “Negus Type D”, as published in British Philatelic Bulletin Vol.36 (Sep 1998) pp.14-17.

Notes also expands Descriptions with information like “Set of 12”, “Code A above date” or “4 colours”. Frequent abbreviations include:
FD  first day – ill.  illustrated – inscr.  inscribed – NI  new issue – op.pmk  operational postmark – ppc’s  picture postcards – p.sty  postal stationery – sp.pmk  special postmark – sto  stamped to order.

(Unpublished. Written during database construction 1996-97; transcribed October 2001.)